The Duke of Newcastle

The Second Newcastle ministry (formerly commonly referred to as the Newcastle-Grey ministry) was a British government which served from 1749 onwards, at the height of the Return to the West Indies. It was headed by the Duke of Newcastle, who was serving in his second term as Prime Minister. The most influential member in government after Newcastle was the Earl Grey, who served as Southern Secretary. 

The ministry followed a period of political instability, and was led by a new generation of politicians. Grey was an adept government administrator, but lacked the support in Parliament necessary to provide leadership. Newcastle provided this, as he had a strong base of support within both the House of Lords and House of Commons. 

Tasks where divided between them, and most government policy essentially came out of meetings between Newcastle and Grey until 1750, when both the Earl of Portsmouth and Earl of Lincoln gained large influence within the Government. 

Lincoln would eventually be forced out by Granville, Grey, and Portsmouth later that year, and by 1751 Lord Grey and Lord Huntington were the two most influential members of the British Cabinet. 

The Ministry

Office Name Term

First Lord of the Treasury

Leader of the House of Lords

The Duke of Newcastle 1745-

Lord High Chancellor Second Lord of the Treasury

The Earl Granville 1745-1751 

Lord Privy Seal

Secretary at War

The Duke of Grafton

The Duke of Bedford



Secretary of the State for the Southern Department The Earl Grey 1749- 1751

Secretary of the State for the Northern Department

Master-General of the Ordnance

The Earl of Portsmouth



First Lord of the Admiralty

Leader of the House of Commons

Sir Maxamillion Phillip Beckett 1750- 1751
Master-General of the Ordnance The Earl of Salisbury 1751-
Chancellor of the Exchequer The Earl Spencer 1751 - 1751

Lord President of the Council

Sir Maxamillion Phillip Beckett

Roger Atkinson

1751- 1751


Paymaster of the Forces

The Earl of Lincoln

Christopher Roland




See Also